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Nasrid art; Tablao flamenco Cordobes Restaurant

Restaurante Flamenco Barcelona Entrada Tablao Flamenco CordobesFlamenco Restaurant in Barcelona; Tablao Cordobes and Nasrid Art

 

The Nasrid art or Granada’s art was developed during the XIII and XV centuries being part of the last period of Hispano-Muslim art. It has a strong presence in Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, Berbería and other parts of the Iberian Peninsula, preceding the Mudejar art.

 

The origin of Nasrid art comes from the weakness of the Almohad Empire, when appeared in al-Ándalus small kingdoms which took the power between the centuries XIII and XV. The process of territorial reconstruction generated a new kingdom in the Andalusia Penibetica, the Nasrid, placing its capital in Granada in 1237. The Christian pressure was reducing little by little the kingdom, generating the capitulation of Granada in 2th January 1492, reducing the last Islamic bastion and causing the end of Nasrid art in al-Andalus.

 

The Alhambra of Granada is the clearest example of this kind of art and corresponds to the Nasrid dynasty (1237-1492). The Alhambra “Qalat al-Ambra” (Red Castle), is the synthesis of the Palestine-Islamic architecture and the new elements of fortification included in the military architecture. Its works were originated by the founder of the dynasty, who chose its location to place his residence. The area had the remains of a little fort of the XI century, which turned into a castle; a double enclosure, one as a wall and the other with defender towers. Inside there is a quarter with a house, bath and cistern.

 

The whole Alhambra along with the other buildings in Granada show this kind of art as an evolution of the Hispano-Muslim art. About the ornamentations, it is used a complex decorative method to hide the poverty of the materials used such as plinth tiling, stucco plasterwork or painted decoration. It is used the cylindrical shaft of the column and the two bodies capital similar to the reproductions of the stage of the tablao, one cylindrical decorated with ribbons and another cubic with acanthus. The cambered archers are the most preferred and the wood covers are generally combined with Mozarab vaults done with stucco.

The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Granada since 1238 to the 2th January 1492. Its decline meant the end of al-Ándalus. This dynasty had 20 sultans of Granada. The last of them, Boabdil, known as “the Little King” refused to pay the taxes for the Crown of Castile to the Kingdom of Granada to allow the surveillance of this one. This fact brought the Catholic Kings to start a war with the Nasrid kingdom, which along with the civil war that the kingdom was suffering it made easier the Christian Reconquest. After the conquest of Malaga in 1488 and the control of the oriental territory (Cora de Bayyana) for the Crown of Castilla in 1489 they left the Kingdom of Granada in a precarious situation. In 1492 they fended the city of Granada with a base-camp in Santa Fe, where the Catholic Kings directed the siege of the city. The negotiation of Boabdil influenced for good Castilla and the rendition of Granada came soon the 2nd February 1492. In that way finished more than 250 years of Nasrid Dinasty.